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Your Diabetes

Guide to Your Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly.

This is because your pancreas does not produce any insulin, or not enough insulin, to help glucose enter your body's cells - or the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance).

Insulin is the hormone produced by the pancreas that allows glucose to enter the body's cells, where it is used as fuel for energy. It is vital for life.

Glucose comes from digesting carbohydrate and is also produced by the liver. 

If you have diabetes, your body cannot make proper use of this glucose so it builds up in the blood and cannott be used as fuel.

There are two main types of diabetes:

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Diabetes develops when glucose cannot enter the body's cells to be used as fuel. This happens when either:

There is no insulin to unlock the cells (Type 1)

There is not enough insulin or the insulin is there but not working properly (Type 2).